Alcoa Auto Center Blog

Buying a New vs. Used vs. Leasing a Car

Options, options, options...

Going to the car dealership is always a fun experience. The thought of driving off the lot in a car that's brand new or new to you is like Christmas morning about to open presents. There is a whole process that goes into buying a car and it's one that takes a lot of planning which is discussed for used cars in the next blog post. The biggest question that goes into the car buying process is whether to buy a new or used car or to lease a car. 

What Are the Big Differences in Each?

Buying New is by far the most expensive option out of the three and also the longest term option. A new car most likely comes under warranty for several years at least. A lot of people buying new cars drive them for at least 5 years or more. Unfortunately, much of the time, the price is a bit out of people's budget. The major thing to keep in mind when looking at buying a new car is the depreciation that occurs immediately after you drie the car off the dealership lot. Average depreciation of a new car in the first month of ownership averages 10 percent and can exceed 20 percent in the first year in some cases. This is a big detterent when car buyers are looking at new cars and not something everyone factors into the equation. 

Leasing New allows you to get into a new car for a much cheaper price for a period of usually three years. The only thing is, you are left with nothing to show for the thousands you paid to drive the car. If you really want to drive a new car on a budget, this might just be what you're looking for. Just remember, that a lot of money spent with nothing to show for it at the end of the lease. 

Buying Used lets you get into a car for much cheaper than a new one. This being said, cars are made to last a long time so you can find a very reliable option for a good price. However, late model used cars usually give you a few years of driving before anything major needs to be repaired or the car needs to be replaced in extreme cases. Everyone will tell you, buying a used car is how you get the best bang for your buck. 

What Should You Do?

The first big question to ask yourself is, does the car provide any additional value aside from transporting you from point A to point B? The answer to that question depends greatly on what you do for work and how much time you spend commuting and driving to various places. The most logical answer for most people is to steer towards the used car route and let someone else take the initial depreciation hit. This is the smart, budget friendly route to take. 



Tips for Buying a Used Car

One thing that most people will tell you is to never buy a new car. This is because right after you drive it off the lot it loses a large chink of it’s value. The best option for buying a car is to get one that is used from a reputable dealer. Here we will be discussing the main points to look for and do when buying a used car to make sure you’re getting a good deal.

Set a Budget

Setting a budget gives you a good range on what you can afford in the long run. Being able to budget right can help you get the most bang for your buck when it comes to used cars. 

Choose the Right Type of Car

Different people have different needs for their vehicle. Whether it be for your daily commute to work, a family car for road trips and picking the kids up from school, or a car to cruise around in on the weekends, you’ll want something that fits your needs. 

Check Ownership Costs and Reliability Ratings

Maintenance on cars is inevitable. You’ll want to look for a car that has reasonable ownership costs and stands up to the normal wear and tear of being driven over time. This can help save you a lot of money in the long run by choosing a car that isn’t a money pit. 

Check Pricing Guides

Price checking the cars that you find online is a major factor in the process of buying a used car. You’ll want to find a car that isn’t overpriced for the model year and number of miles it has. This helps you to know what cars aren’t worth going to look at and which ones are the better options.

Vehicle History Report

Whenever buying a new car it is always important to check if the vehicle has been in any wrecks, has a rebuilt title, and how many owners it has had. This can give you a great idea as to what might be wrong that you can’t and how the car will perform in the years to come. Getting a car with a clean title with no wrecks and preferably 1-3 owners is always the best to look for. 

Go on a Test Drive

You can always love the way a car looks, but you won’t know if you actually love the car until you see how it drives. Taking a test drive is a crucial part of buying a used car. This allows you to tell if there is any maintenance that needs to be done and if you will like driving it for years to come. 

Close the Deal

Once you’ve finally found your next car, it’s time to make that purchase! There are two options to paying for a car. You can either pay in full in cash or finance it and pay over a number of months. Financing is the most common way of payment in the US. Alcoa Auto Center offers great financing rates compared to it’s competitors so come check out our inventory and take a test drive today!

I Heard I Shouldn't Leave My Registration in My Car?

It may sound a bit out of the ordinary and something not everyone thinks they should do, but hear us out. Regardless of what you've seen in the movies or on TV, keeping your registration in your car can lead to some serious consequences in the wrong situation. In addition to this, your title should be kept outside of your car as well or you could become the victim of more serious crimes other than a car break in or carjacking. This all has to do with your personal information  -- so keep it safe!

Protecting Your Personal Info

Regarding your registration, consider this. Thieves break into your vehicle and take both the garage door opener and your registration from the glove compartment. Then they use the registration to get your address, drive to your home since they know you're not there, and open the garage to take all of the valuables you have in there. This is another reason to always lock the door going from the house to the garage in case they try to get inside and access the rest of your belongings. 

That is one of the worst case scenarios, but it could be worse if you leave your documents behind. What's the solution? Keep your registration and insurance in your wallet, purse, or even on your phone!

Lastly, it is a good idea to take your garage door transceiver with you when you leave your car unattended or just get one that can fit on your keyring so that you always have it with you. 

When it comes to your car title, this should always be kept in a secure location such as a home safe or a safety deposit box. It won't be needed during everyday occurrences or a police stop. If you do happen to get your car's title stolen or lose it somehow, it is extremely hard to get a replacement from the Department of Motor Vehicles. On top of all of that, it is very easy for an adept criminal to use a stolen title to create fake ones that can be used to sell stolen cars. 

Regarding any form of personal identification in addition to your registration and insurance, experts suggest you never leave any kind of paperwork in the car which, in the wrong hands, can leave you vulnerable to identity theft. This includes your driver's license and passport, as well as bills and receipts that have your name, home address, email, or even a credit card number on them. A combination of these documents could allow them to open fake bank accounts or even apply for a mortgage in your name!

What Should You Do?

If you are leaving your car's documents at home, professionals say the best thing to do is to take a picture of your car registration and your car insurance so that they are always on your phone. Another good idea is to save the photos to a cloud storage platform in the event that you don't have your phone. This way you can access them from someone else's phone in the event you don't have yours.Another thing is to never leave your car unlocked or leave your keys in the car. This just makes it too easy for someone to break in and steal belongings or the car in general. Always keep your keys or fob with you at all times. 



How To Sell Your Car

Is it about time to get rid of your car? Whether you're hoping to get the most money out of itor make the whole process as simple as possible. the proper preparation will help you meet your goals. The following steps will help you get a good idea of the car selling process and what you need to be prepared. 


There are quite a few ways to sell your car nowadays. These include trading it in to a dealer to go towards your new car, selling it to a dealer (online or in person) or third-party buying program, or selling it to another person which will generally get you the most money for it. Preparation is key to a successful selling process and experience. 

It is very important to understand the key tradeoff whe you sell your car: You're likely to get the most money selling to another person, but it is also the most time consuming. You'll sacrifice some cash by selling it to a dealership or third-party, but you also don't have to worry about handling the paperwork making it a ton easier. 

Educate Yourself

First things first, get a vehicle history report. Many buyers use these, but for a seller a report can alert you to potential issues that could steer a buyer away. It is also a good way to show how well you've maintained the car overtime as well. Next, figure out what you should be selling the car for. For this you can use the Carfax history based value tool or a simple Kelly Blue Book search can give you a good range. These are t=very good tools for determining the best price you should charge based on mileage, condition, and any damage that may be present. 

Have The Paperwork Ready

When you begin the process, make sure you have all og the necessary paperwork from when you bought the car. You can check with your state to see what other documentation you'll need. These documents can be:

Clean the Car

With all of the paperwork ready to go, you'll want to get your car as clean as you can. This is not only for photos, but also for in-person viewings. First impressions are everything.You should consider investing in a professional detailing job. This shouldn't cost more than $200 or so, and makes your vehicle look it's best. 

Trading In/Selling To Dealership Your Car

Trading in your car might be a good option if you are planning on buying a car from the dealership you're trading in at. In this scenario, you're not getting cash for your car, but instead it is going toward the cost of your new car. If you owe more than the car is worth, then the dealer may offer to add the leftover payment amount to the new loan they give you. It is a good idea to get your trade in valued at different dealerships as well to ensure you're getting the best price possible. 

Private Sale

Selling your car to another person starts with listing the car online. Make sure you have really good photos of the car and that it looks clean inside and out. A well written description of the features and everything important about the car really helps as well. Use a car value tool to find out what you should be charging for it so that you can be competitve with other cars in the same category. This will get you more money for the car, but is usually a lot longer process and more arduois as well. 

How To Keep Rodents Out Of Your Car

This might sound like a far fetched article, but it's not. Mice, squirrels, rats, and other rodents love finding warm, confined places to nest. This makes your car a very appealing prospect for their new dwelling. These rodents can make their new residence under your hood or even in the cab of your car. Once they do infiltrate your vehicle, they can cause massive damage costing thousands of dollars to repair. This is especially an issue if you have kept your car in storage for an extended period of time. 

Here Are 8 Tips for Keeping Rodents Out of Your Car

1. Park or store your car in an enclosed garage. Parking and storing your car outdoors makes it an easy target for rodents. They are drawn to tall grass and vegetation which is why parking your car in the yard where you can't mow the grass underneath is the worst possible place to park. Since you can't mow the grass underneath the car, rodents find this as a safe haven and will eventually take up in your car.

2. Keep the windows and sunroof closed whenever you park or store. Even a small opening in your car's window or sunroof can let rodents in. They can squeeze into surprisingly small spaces.

3. Keep the cabin of your car clean. Items like old food, paper, wrappers, tissues, and other forms of trash can attract rodents and make your car a more desirable place for their home. Rodents have very sensitive noses and will sniff out the smallest crumbs and go searching. 

4. Use oils or commercial products that repel rodents. Certain essential oils give off smells that act as a rodent repellent. Perppermint oil is one of the best essential oils for this purpose as well as oils from cloves and cayenne pepper. Just spray these oils in and around your car to keep the rodents at bay. Another good way to make use of oils is by soaking them in cotton balls and sticking them in and around your cabin and under the hood. This ensures you get concentrated aromas throughout. While this is the most environmentally friendly and safest way to do it, there are also commercial grade products that will do the same job. Be careful with these though as some can be harmful to humans. 

5. Cedar shavings, saw dust, and mulch are also good rodent repellents. Cedar contains phenols that rodents hate to be near. These phenols will deter rodents and in some cases kill them if they use the cedar in their nest. Cedar also repels all kinds of insects as well, so you can use it in a variety of locations in and around the car. For the mulch and saw dust, place these in a ring around your car to ward off rodents.

6. Another great way to make sure rodents can't climb up into your car is to wrap your tires in rodent tape. This rodent tape contains capsaicin, which is derived from cayenne peppers and does a great job of keeping rodents at bay. 

7. Another, less conventional way to deter rodents is with ultrasonic devices. These emit ultrasonic sounds that the rodents hate and will stay far away from. 

8. If you suspect your car has already been infested with rodents, set up traps to exterminate the existing ones and follow one or more of the above tips to keep them away. 

Noises That Come From Your Car And What They Mean

When your car starts acting up and making weird noises, it's usually not a good sign. It is probably time to take it to the shop and have a mechanic check under the hood and run a diagnostic test to discover the source of the noise. Depending on the noise it can be a very easy fix or mean you need to get a new car entirely. The noises most often occur when you are performing specific actions like steering, braking, or accelerating which can give a better idea of what is causing it. Here are a few noises that a car makes and what they mean.

1. Clicking noise and the car won't start. If the car doesn't start when you turn the key and you hear a rapid clicking noise, this usually means the battery is dead. This can be fixed by jumping the battery off with another car or getting a new battey entirely. 

2. A loud whining or squaling noise coming from under the hood. This usually has to do with the serpentine belt on your car. This is the belt that delivers power to the car's accessories. This caused by the belt being loose or worn out. You can fix this on your own with a little work. You will need to replace the belt or tensioner or both.

3. If you hear a gurgling or bubbling sound when you turn the car off, this could be caused by the engine coolant expansion tank. This is part of the cooling system along with the radiator that keeps your engine from overheating. It is not necessarily a major problem, but you should still have the cooling system checked by a professional.

4. Hissing or sizzling noise coming from under the hood after you turn the car off. This is usually caused by oil or coolant leaking and dripping onto a hot engine component. If you hear the hissing coming from outside the car it could be that one of your tires has been punctured. 

5. If you hear a knocking noise while driving, this is usually a minor problem. This is caused by detonation of when accelerating and usually from using a lower grade gasoline than your car manufacturer recommends. This can be fixed by using a higher grade of gasoline. If this does not fix the knocking, then you need to take the car into the shop as it may be a greater problem. 

6. Hearing a popping noise coming from under the hood while driving is another common noise. This could be caused by old spark plugs, spark plug wires, or the fuel filter may be clogged. If this is not the cause it could be coming from the catalytic converter in the exhaust system.

7. If you hear a grinding noise when shifting gears, this is most likely a transmission issue. This could mean the clutch is worn out, you need more transmission fluid, or signs of a more serious problem. After checking the transmission fluid, take the car into the shop immediately. 

8. If you hear a screeching or grinding noise while braking it usually means your brake pads are worn out. Go have your brakes checked out at the nearest auto shop. 



How Old And Possibly Dangerous Are Your Tires?

 The traditional way of checking to see if tires still have enough tread on them is the penny test. This test is a good measure of tread depth, but can tell you nothing of tread quality. Assuming a tire still has life despite its age can be a fatal mistake in the wrong situation. Older tires are dangerous regardless of the depth of tread. Unfortunately there is no federally approved guidance on when a tire is deemed too old to be safe, many tire manufacturers recommend a replacement every six years. 

What Happens to a Tire as It Gets Older?

Experts compare the aging on a tire similar to that of a rubber band. If you take an old rubber band and stretch it you will start to see cracks form on the edges of the rubber. Cracks begin to form on a tire’s surface and interior wall over time just like those on a rubber band. This cracking can lead to other failures within the tire such as causing the steel belts to separate from the tire. I know you’re probably thinking isn’t there a way to stop this from happening? Unfortunately no, there is a way to slow the effects of aging, but time takes its toll eventually.

How Long Does a Tire Last?

Car, tire, and rubber manufacturers each have different opinions on the lifespan of a tire. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration unfortunately defers the recommendation of guidelines on tire aging to manufacturers, because they don’t have any of their own.

Many large auto manufacturers tell owners to replace every six years regardless of tread life. The best advice we can give is that a tire can last up to 10 years, but make sure to get them checked every year after the fifth. There is no definite answer to how long a tire can last because people drive in an infinite number of conditions so there is no way to tell. 

Don’t Buy Used!

Yes, we know tires are expensive, especially when you factor in the cost of mounting and balancing them. This is why used tires become more attractive to people who have tighter budgets. When you buy a used tire, you have no idea how well it has been maintained or what the conditions in which it was used.

Make Sure You’re Getting What You Pay For

 Just because you bought a “new” tire doesn’t necessarily mean it’s new. People buy tires every day without even knowing that the tire was manufactured years earlier. Two problems arise in this situation. The first, is that they will have a shorter life on the road. The more important one is that it could be past it’s warranty period. 

Spare Troubles

When buying a used car many people forget to check the spare tire until it is too late. Spares in used cars can go years without being used. When the time comes, you want a tire you can depend on to get you to the nearest auto shop. We always recommend getting the tire checked after buying a new car just to be sure it is in working condition.



Should I Fix or Trade In My Old Car?

Your car broke down again, and now you’re stuck looking at a high repair bill. It’s not the first time or the last time this will happen with this vehicle and you’re tired of pouring money into it. A new car would be nice, but take a minute and think if it’s worth it first. In this article you’ll get a basic idea of when it’s a good time to fix and when to trade. 

Costs of Wear and Tear

Even if you have taken excellent care of your car, some expensive repairs are unavoidable simply due to excessive wear or time itself. Rubber belts, O-rings, and hoses dry out, rotors get worn too thin, and electrical parts stop working. Some costly repairs usually happen around 100,000 miles so that is a major factor that comes into play when thinking about fixing something that’s broken.

Fix Up the Car...

Or Buy a New One

 When Is The Right Time To Buy A New Car?

Extend The Lifespan Of Your Vehicle

If you are still driving an old car and have few or no major repairs then it is a good idea to have everything checked out every time you take it in to get an oil change. Have the recommended in depth maintenance checks at the specific milestone mileages. This will help preserve the life of the car so you can get a better value when it’s time to sell or trade it in.


Aftermarket Vs Original Equipment Manufacturer Parts - Are They Worth the Extra Cost?

When you take your car to it’s manufacturer specific dealership, you will always be getting the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) car parts. On the other hand, if you take your car to an independent auto shop, you’ll more often than not get aftermarket parts. This article will answer the questions: Is there anything wrong with aftermarket parts? Do less expensive parts mean they are poorer in quality? And when should you only use OEM part replacements?

To answer these questions, here is a list of pros and cons to help you make an informed decision when it comes to picking the parts that will go in your car.

Aftermarket Parts

An aftermarket part is any part for a car that was not bought through the car’s maker. In most cases if the parts are direct replacement then they won’t void your car’s warranty. Quite a few companies make parts designed to work identical or in some cases even better than the car’s original part. It is important to know the details about the parts an independent shop is using as the majority use aftermarket parts.



OEM Parts

OEM parts are all only made by the original vehicle manufacturer. These parts are exactly the same as the ones that were originally installed on the car.


Easier to select: If you order it from a dealership, they’ll usually only have one type.

Better assurance of quality: These parts should work the exact same as the original part.

Warranty: These parts all come with a warranty so you can get a new one if it breaks.


More expensive: These parts are usually about fifty percent more in cost than aftermarket. 

Need to be bought from certified vendors: These parts can only be bought through certain verified vendors to ensure authenticity.

It might not be as good as aftermarket: The increase in price doesn't always mean an increase in quality. Sometime you would have been better off going with the aftermarket.



Are Small Cars Safe To Drive?

This is a big question today as technology continues to advance at a rapid pace. Some people are looking for a more compact car to save money and others are looking for a first car for their teenagers. Whatever the reason may be, safety is always a concern when getting a smaller car. In this article, we will discuss if small cars are safe.


The Larger the Car, the Safer the Ride

New small cars are safer than they have ever been, but bigger, heavier trucks and SUVs are still safer than small cars. The reason behind this is that larger cars weigh more and have larger crush zones in the front and back of the vehicle, which gives them an advantage in crashes. This has been proven through countless crash tests and real world statistics. For example, the lowest death rate by vehicle type is for large SUVs at 13 deaths per million registered vehicles. The highest death rate is for mini cars at 64 deaths per million registered vehicles.

Older SUVs and Trucks Are Not Safer Than Smaller New Cars

As technology has advanced, it has left many slightly older cars in the dust when it comes to safety features. Just because you’re driving an older beefy vehicle, doesn’t always mean it performs better in a crash than a new smaller car. Most cars just 10 years old don’t have side airbags or electronic stability controls. Just recently car manufacturers are implementing collision avoidance technology, which has decreased the number of wrecks on the road significantly. If a newer car is out of your budget, two of the major safety features to look for on an older vehicle are side airbags and electronic stability control. 

Crash Tests Don’t Compare

One thing that confuses many car buyers are crash test ratings. Vehicles of all sizes can carry the same test rating, making it seem like they are equally as safe. This is far from true as experts say the ratings can not be compared in different classes of vehicle. Keep this in mind when deciding whether or not you are going to decide on getting a small car. 

More Technology = Safer Cars

Over time, vehicles have seen incredible advancements in safety from the seatbelt all the way to autonomous driving. One recent change in the standards of safety came with the introduction of automatic braking. As phones have become more and more a part of our lives, it's hard to put them down sometimes. When people use their phone when driving, their reaction time is cut exponentially. Cameras and lasers to detect an imminent collision tell the computer to slam on the brakes and stop the car in time. It’s advancements like this that have led to the decade of falling death rates in vehicle collisions. 

Should You Get A Small Car?

While it seems like everyone should be driving a large SUV or truck, that may not suit everyone on the road. Some people live in the city or have to commute long distances and want to save money on gas and be mindful of the environment. Whatever the car may be, take this article into account if you are looking at buying a small car.

How to Get Affordable Car Insurance

If you lose a job, take a pay cut, or have some other kind of financial struggle like so many have had this year, affordable car insurance is one thing that looks more and more appealing. While it is very easy to find affordable car insurance, is it a good road to go down? Based on reports, it is not always the best idea. To find out the lowest payments you can have, always look at your state's minimum coverage requirements. There are also pay as you drive policies that can help you save big bucks on your monthly payment for equal coverage. There are plenty of ways to reduce your coverage out thre, but some take some time and others take some searching.

Here is a basic list of things to take into consideration when trying to lower your car insurance payment and find the best option for your budget:

1. Start with the car

What you pay for coverage depends greatly on the year, make, and model of your car. Usually, the newer and more expensive the vehicle is, the higher the premium for your coverage. These premiums don't fluctuate too much, so if you're looking for affordable insurance, it's best to look for a less expensive car. 

2. Know your limits.

Almost every state sets minimums for liability coverage for both bodily injury and property damage. Always make sure your insurance coverage meets the minimums or it could get you in big trouble. If you're taking out a loan to buy the car, your lender will require you to have a certain level of coverage on your car as well.

3. Take the Highest Possible Deductible

This can be one of the easiest ways to reduce your premium without getting a new car or switching insurance providers. Taking a higher deductible will save you a lot on your monthly payments. You pay a lot less up front, but if something does happen to your car then you will have to pay more up front for the repair costs. 

4. Narrow the Field

Use the process of elimination to narrow your choices of insurance companies down to about three or four and start to get quotes form there. The agents from these companies can help you figure out the best price for what you want covered which makes it a lot easier to do from there.

5.  Grab Some Discounts

Insurers offer tons of discounts to help lower premiums, deductibles, and more. These include discounts for retirees, short commuters, students with good grades and more. When talking to agents it is always a good idea to ask about all of the discounts available becuase you may qualify for some with information that they wouldn't know about. 

6. Consider opting out of some coverage

Another good way to lower your monthly premium is to drop some forms of coverage such as GAP coverage, collision, or comprehensive coverage based on what your state requires as a minimum. This can help drastically reduce your premiums, but comes with drawbacks as well.

Distracted Driving Dangers

Drivers all over the world drive distracted by one thing or another every day and most every time they get in the car to go somewhere. Are you taking the right steps to make sure you are driving safely for you and your passengers. The numbers tell a grim tale about distracted driving. With more than 3,100 people killed in motor vehicle crashes involving distracted driving, you'd think people would refrain. Many states have taken the proper measures to enforce distracted driving laws to help crack down on phone use while driving. Here are a few tips and guidelines for safe driving.

Limit the Distractions: While it is always a good idea to have a phone at your disposal in case of an emergency or  a break down, it should be put away while driving. A great thing to do is switch it to silent and put it in your center console. This will help cut the temptation to answer calls and texts and help you focus on the road. 

Just Drive: While phones are the most common culprit, there are many other distractions. These include eating, drinking, changing the radio station and even putting on your makeup. Making sure your car is only used to get from point A to point B is the best way to increase safety while driving. 

Make it a priority in the family: Children learn by example so setting a good example by not using your phone in the car is the best way to ensure future safety when they are driving. Discussing responsibilities of the driver and passengers is important for setting boundaries and limits on behavior in the car. Having a few basic rules while riding in the car can have exponential benefits in the long run. 

Safety reminders: With technology advancing at this rate newer cars allow you to sync to your phone and set reminders to refrain from distractions when driving. This helps to have a little note that says pay attention every time you get in the driver's seat. Apple Watches have an app that can do just this!

Being a good passenger: Responsibilities are held not only by drivers, but also the passengers. It is your duty as a passenger to stay calm and not get rowdy dancing to music or doing other activities that take the driver's attention away from the road. It is also a passengers responsibility to remind other passengers to practice good passenger ettiquete as well. If you are a passenger in a car with a driver who is using theie phone, it is never a bad idea or impolite to ask them to put it down while you are in the car. Look out for your safety because not everyone else is.

All in all, distracted driving can be easily avoided by taking a few simple measures and having a few reminders here and there. It is also great to be an advocate for safe driving by telling friends and family about the dangers of distracted driving.

The End of Internal Combustion Engines

It made the modern world possible. From the car, to the plane, to the boat, internal combustion engines are what make the world go round. It’s what has helped us farm crops and even explore space. But after 160 years of creating the world we know today, the final days of this incredible invention are right around the corner.

There has been a growing sentiment for lowering carbon emissions and reversing climate change. This Green Revolution has spread to all countries and been acknowledged by billions of people. This revolution will change the entire way that we live from how we power our homes, cars, and much much more. 

While some say being carbon neutral by the year 2050 is not enough to reverse the damage already done, we can say that we are taking the necessary steps to get there. From Europe to the United States and beyond, countries are pledging to do away with the sale of new fuel and diesel engines within the next 30 years. In 2019, people in China bought more electric vehicles than the rest of the world combined. Globally, battery tech is getting less and less expensive with each passing month. The cost of a lithium-ion battery pack for an electric car dropped nearly 87% in the last 10 years. 

As of this past year, Tesla is the most valuable car manufacturer in the world. It has achieved this and still makes far fewer cars than every major car maker in the world. This is mainly because Tesla is said to not just be a car company, but also a technology company. This is due to its many advancements in self driving capability, battery tech, and driving information.

With the increasing number of electric cars on the road, there comes an increasing demand for electricity. Here rises the question of where the excess electricity is going to come from. Currently most electricity is produced through the burning of fossil fuels. This is obviously counter intuitive to the entire goal of the mission. Many more steps will need to be taken to replace fossil fuels with clean electricity. Soon we will see every gas station with a charging station and soon after that no gas stations at all, just charging stations. 

While cars and truck carbon emissions will be slowly phased out in the coming decades, other methods of transportation present a more difficult challenge. The sector that is going to be the most difficult will be the transportation and shipping industries. This includes planes, trains, and ships that move people and products all over the world. Every day we are getting closer and closer to being carbon neutral. Some say it is too late and that the effects cannot be reversed, but we have already seen them reversing during the lockdowns and pandemic the world is experiencing currently. 

The future holds a very major change from internal combustion engines to electric. It is going to be a long journey to get there but it will be well worth it in the end.

Have A Safer Holiday Road Trip

Tons and tons of people will be making a road trip to see family this holiday season. Mainly because most have not seen their families all year due to the lockdowns and pandemic happening right now. It is estimated that over 100 million Americans will travel at least an hour for the holidays. This will cause an increase in traffic and dangers of being on the road. In this article we will talk about some of the precautions you can take to stay safe when traveling this holiday season.

Prepare Your Vehicle

This is one of the most important items on the checklist. Making sure your car is road ready can save you tons of time and possibly save your life on the road. Having the right tires if you’re driving in colder conditions is a must as well as having a hazard kit in case you break down. 

Avoid Driving Drowsy

Most people will want to get started as early as possible in the morning to get the drive over and done with. Then there are those that procrastinate and wait until the end of the day and drive through the night. Either way, you should always make sure you are fit to drive. If you haven’t gotten a lot of sleep or had a long and rough day, then it probably isn’t the best idea for you to drive. In these scenarios you should let someone else drive. Coffee and energy drinks are always helpful in any situation. They will keep you alert and focused on driving. If you do feel drowsy, find a gas station or rest stop and take a short nap. In many cases this can help rejuvenate you and allow you to complete the drive in a much safer physical state. This is especially important when you are driving alone. 

Food and Drink

When most think about car rides, they think about the sweet snacks from the gas station as well. These are never the best choice in any situation. These types of foods will spike your blood sugar and make you have a crash afterwards during your drive which is not good for having high energy and focus throughout the remainder of your drive. If you are looking to drive safely, it is always a good idea to eat a healthy meal before you depart and drink plenty of fluids. More often than not if you’re tired it is because you haven’t drank enough water. A great road snack is dried nuts since they provide a great lasting energy source that will keep you satiated throughout your journey. 

Drive Carefully

Driving through the morning is going to be the best decision if you are looking to avoid as much traffic as possible. This is when the least amount of people will be on the road therefore minimizing your risk of getting into an accident. Always be aware of other cars around you especially before the sun comes up because you never know the condition another driver is in. Have a Merry Christmas and drive safe!

What Is The Difference Between Diesel and Gas Engines?

In the course of recent years, most automakers offered diesel motors in the U.S. eventually. Presently, however, diesels are a lot more extraordinary, discovered generally in pickup trucks and a modest bunch of vehicles and SUVs. 

Diesels have never been as famous in the U.S. as they have been abroad, where high fuel costs and expense settle on more practical decisions. In the U.S., truly low gas costs have hindered interest for more eco-friendly motors, and lately, mixture gas-electric and electric-just powertrains have driven diesels further aside. 

Furthermore, after Volkswagen was found undermining diesel emanations tests a couple of years back, that practically slaughtered interest for diesel-controlled vehicles and SUVs in the U.S. Volkswagen, just as Audi, Mercedes-Benz, BMW, and different brands, pulled the majority of them from the U.S. market. 

Diesel motors, however, still have a steadfast after, especially among the individuals who tow substantial boats and trailers, which clarifies why they stay famous in pickup trucks. 

Fiat Chrysler Automobiles offers diesels in its Ram pickup line and the Jeep Wrangler, and Ford and General Motors in their pickup trucks. Puma Land Rover is the lone other producer offering diesels in the U.S. for the 2020 model year. 

Here are the key advantages and disadvantages of diesel motors contrasted with gas motors: 

Diesel Engine Pros 

Higher Fuel Economy 

Diesel motors are 20% to 35% more proficient than customary gas motors, so they wring more energy from the fuel and convey more mpg. 

For instance, the 3.0-liter turbocharged diesel V6 motor in the Chevrolet Silverado is appraised at 25 consolidated mpg by the EPA, contrasted with 19 mpg for the gas 5.3-liter V8. In the Ford F-150, a 3.0-liter turbodiesel gets 24 mpg, six more than for a turbocharged gas 3.5-liter V6. 

Hard core pickups, for example, the Silverado 2500 and 3500, Ford F-250 and F-350, and Ram 2500 and 3500, are not evaluated for mileage by the EPA, however proprietors state that the diesel variants improve efficiency more than their gas-driven brethren. 

Why Is A Diesel Engine More Efficient Than Gas Engines? 

The mileage distinction among fuel and diesel motors is because of an assortment of elements, including diesel's higher energy thickness and the expanded proficiency of pressure start versus flash fitting start. 

It merits calling attention to, nonetheless, that the higher eco-friendliness of diesel vehicles can be counterbalanced by the higher fuel cost of diesel. 

More Torque for Towing 

For some, who tow, a diesel is the solitary choice since it will create more force – the force expected to pull substantial loads, for example, large boats, horse trailers, and different vehicles. 

Diesel motors produce a lot of force at low velocities and across a wide scope of motor paces, making them appropriate for towing, and they normally have more noteworthy towing limit than gas motors. 


Diesel motors normally last more than gas motors, particularly under overwhelming towing conditions, since diesels are regularly worked with more grounded parts intended to confront supported hard use. 

Consequently, diesel motors are regularly the favored decision of armada administrators, for example, conveyance administrations and utilities. Those organizations need to keep vehicles in help as long as possible – 300,000 miles or more – to diminish expenses, and diesels are frequently viewed as a preferred long haul wager over gas motors. 

Cleaner Diesel Vehicles Are Available 

Current diesel motors produce less contaminants because of better outflow frameworks and diesel fuel that has lower sulfur content. Organizations that make diesel vehicles and diesel fuel profited by those advances by promoting their items as "perfect diesel." 

Diesel motors in vehicles and light trucks should meet similar outflows prerequisites as gas motors. Some logical examinations have demonstrated that current diesels are as perfect or cleaner than gas motors, aside from the measure of nitrogen oxides they produce. Nitrogen oxides, or NOx, cause brown haze. 

Cons of Diesel Engines 

Higher Initial Cost 

Diesels are more costly than gas motors, some of the time by knee-clasping sums. 

On the Ford F-150, for instance, a form with the 3.0-liter turbodiesel motor expenses $4,000 more than one with the standard gas V6 and $3,000 more than one with a 5.0-liter gas V8. 

On the uncompromising Ram 2500, a 6.7-liter turbocharged Cummins diesel motor adds $9,300 to the reality. 

Higher Maintenance Costs 

Diesel motors for the most part have bigger oil limits than gas motors and may require more-costly kinds of oil. For instance, a Ford 6.2-liter gas V8 motor takes 7 quarts of oil, yet their 6.7-liter diesel takes 13 quarts. 

So that $29.99 oil change you see promoted presumably won't matter. For instance, one Ford seller in Florida was promoting a $59.99 cost for The Works (an oil change, tire revolution, and fundamental assistance bundle) for gas vehicles and $129.99 for F-Series pickups with a diesel V8. 

When something breaks on a diesel motor, it's probably going to cost more to supplant than on a gas motor since diesels utilize heavier-obligation parts and have more detailed and concentrated emanations controls to diminish particulate outflows. 

Moreover, few out of every odd specialist has the apparatuses or preparation to deal with diesels, so there might be less choices for who can accomplish the work. 

Diesel Fuel Can be More Expensive and Harder to Find 

Diesel fuel is anything but difficult to track down along interstate expressways, however few out of every odd station in suburbia or in a midtown metro zone will have it, since diesel requires a different underground tank and a different siphon. 

Refueling with diesel at certain stations can necessitate that you fuel up close to 18-wheelers or other enormous trucks. 

Furthermore, when somebody spills gas on the asphalt at a station, a large portion of it dissipates. Diesel fuel, nonetheless, is an oil, so it leaves a puddle or an oily stain. 

Not as Useful in Sporty Cars 

There's an explanation you don't see diesel motors in numerous games vehicles – diesel engines can't coordinate the presentation of gas engines when you need a lightweight, high-firing up, high-strength motor. 

Since diesel motors have heavier squares, lower RPM redlines, and favor force for towing over strength for rapid quickening, they're preferred in trucks over execution vehicles.


New Safety Technology for Vehicles

What Is Lane Departure Warning? 

A path takeoff cautioning (LDW) framework alarms drivers that their vehicle has incidentally contacted or crossed street path markers at specific velocities. The framework won't enact if the blinkers are locked in, on the grounds that that is typical conduct before drivers switch to another lane. A few frameworks incorporate path keep help (LKA), which will naturally push the vehicle back into the focal point of the path. 

How Does Lane Departure Warning Work? 

Path takeoff cautioning frameworks typically work at speeds beginning at 30-40 mph. They normally utilize forward looking cameras to screen the street and will alarm drivers should the vehicle contact or cross the street path markers; this regularly happens on the grounds that drivers have gotten occupied. The driver has full control of the vehicle consistently. 

The framework will make drivers aware of making a move through a discernible notice. A few vehicles utilize material input, by means of throbs in either the controlling wheel or through the driver's seat pad. Others add a viewable prompt, either an admonition light on the dashboard or potentially in the vehicle's head-up showcase. A few frameworks permit drivers to change the volume of the discernible cautions, and whether it sounds an alert as the vehicle only methodologies a path marker, or completely crosses it. The framework can commonly be deactivated, however LDW on certain models will ordinarily reconnect when the vehicle is again fired up. 

More modern frameworks incorporate path keeping help, which mediates with light guiding and additionally slowing down activities to coordinate the vehicle back into the path on the off chance that it crosses any markings. 

Exploration Shows LDW Prevents Crashes 

LDW frameworks can shield drivers from running into or sideswiping another vehicle that is moving a similar way in a connecting path. It can likewise assist the driver with responding should the vehicle cross the edge marker, to try not to veer off the street. As per the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS), LDW frameworks can lessen the event of single-vehicle, sideswipe and head-on accidents by 11 percent. 

What Is Forward Collision Warning? 

A forward impact notice (FCW) framework screens the street in front of your vehicle and cautions the driver to apply the brakes in the event that it establishes that an accident with another vehicle or deterrent is fast approaching. It's regularly, yet not generally, combined with a forward programmed crisis slowing down (AEB) framework that applies the brakes to stay away from a crash or lessen the impacts of an accident. 

How Does Forward Collision Warning Work? 

FCW frameworks use sensors to screen the street ahead. These can be cameras or radar. In the event that the framework decides an accident is up and coming without intercession, it will caution the driver with at least one admonition. This can be a visual alarm through a glimmering light as well as a perceptible sign. A few models utilize material cautions. For instance, Cadillac vehicles include a Safety Alert Seat that utilizes vibrations steering the ship pad. 

FCW won't stop the vehicle naturally – full control of the vehicle is left to the driver consistently. For that, you will require a programmed crisis slowing down. 

Exploration Shows FCW Prevents Crashes 

The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) gauges that FCW diminishes front-to-raise crashes by 27 percent and lowers the pace of accidents with wounds by 20%. The IIHS decided this by looking at police-detailed impacts and protection claims made for vehicles furnished with and without the framework. It should be noticed that these figures are a lot higher when the admonition innovation is combined with a forward AEB framework. 

What Is Lane Keeping Assist? 

Path Keeping Assist (LKA) consequently controls a vehicle's direction to keep it focused inside path markers, typically while driving on the thruway. Similarly as with path takeoff notice (LDW), LKA utilizes front oriented cameras to detect the markers. The framework is all the more normally offered on very good quality extravagance vehicles, however it's currently being offered in a more extensive assortment of models from standard brands. 

How Does Lane Keeping Assist Work? 

Likewise with a path takeoff cautioning framework, path keep help utilizes front aligned cameras to spot expressway path markers. Nonetheless, LKA has the additional advantage of guiding to keep the vehicle inside the lines. 

Some LKA frameworks offer path focusing, and will keep the vehicle focused inside the path, even through delicate bends, rather than simply pushing it back when it crosses the path markings. 

Most LKA frameworks expect drivers to keep one or two hands daintily on the controlling wheel, so they can take control in a crisis, or if the framework ought to withdraw. The exemption is Cadillac's Super Cruise framework, which permits sans hands expressway driving. Super Cruise screens drivers' eyes with an infrared camera to guarantee they are focusing out and about ahead. 

Most LKA frameworks work at higher paces, however some can work at more slow rates if there is a lead vehicle in front of it to use as a guide.